Due to the diversity of medicinal plants and herbal medicines, it is dif- ficult for Annex 2 lists the monographs in alphabetical order of the plant name, while. list of antidiabetic plants in india filetype pdf plants are usually installed as the final part of landscape construction. Hard Landscape: Civil work component of. In this study area, herbal remedies are considered convenient for mentioned plant extracts for antidiabetic list of antidiabetic plants in india filetype pdf Of these.
|Published (Last):||20 February 2009|
|PDF File Size:||20.71 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.31 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Decrease in muscle and hepatic glycogen in diabetes was observed to be corrected by peepal extract [ 1920 ].
The plant is believed to contain several bioactive filetjpe including tannins, saponins, polyphenolic compounds, flavonoids, and sterols. It is used both as a vegetable and as a spice in India. View at Google Scholar J. Studies have proved that the consumption of garlic significantly decreased fasting blood sugar levels [ ]. It gives an additional information of list of antidiabetic plants which have not been discussed by Nagarajan et al 76 and Handa et al It is reported to be antiobesity, antihyperlipidemic [ 98 ], filetpe, anthelmentic [ 99], antioxidative, antitumorigenic and antiulcerative [ 71].
Support Center Support Center. A group of triterpene saponins, known as gymnemic acids and gymnemasaponins are found to be present in G. Diabetes mellitus is a growing problem worldwide entailing enormous financial burden and medical care policy issues [ 1 ].
Journal of Diabetes Research. The most commonly used plant parts are seeds, leaves, fruits, and bark. Allium sativum garlic commonly called lahsun belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae.
Journal of Diabetes Research
Addition of ethanolic extract of seeds and seed powder of Filetypr jambolana in alloxan-induced diabetic rats showed significant reduction in blood sugar level and enhancement in antodiabetic histopathology of pancreatic islets [ 37 ]. Gymnema sylvestre Gymnema sylvestre gurmar belongs to the family Asclepiadaceae.
According to International Diabetes Federation IDFthe number of individuals with diabetes in crossed million, with an estimated 4.
Studies have reported that triterpenoids may be the hypoglycemic components present in karela which could be responsible for activation of AMP-activated protein kinase [ 63 ]. Jamun has plsnts reported to be used in numerous complementary and alternative medicine systems of India and, before the discovery of insulin, was a frontline antidiabetic medication even in Europe.
Pterocarpus marsupium indian kino tree, bijasar belongs to the family Fabaceae. There are about plants which have been reported to show antidiabetic potential.
Saponins are reported to reduce serum cholesterol levels [ ]. Saponins are also supposed to stimulate insulin secretion [ 66 ]. There are about plants which have been reported to show antidiabetic potential [ 10 ]. Several studies have demonstrated that fenugreek seed extract, mucilage of seeds, and leaves can decrease blood glucose and cholesterol levels in humans and experimental diabetic animals .
There is antidlabetic increasing demand to use the natural antidiabetic agents. Da Costa, and M. Decoction prepared from the bark is used in treatment filetyppe diabetes [ 13 ].
The hypoglycemic and lipid-lowering properties of bitter melon have been observed [ 59 ].
A REVIEW ON SOME ANTIDIABETIC PLANTS OF INDIA
Oxidative stress is one of the antodiabetic etiologies in the pathogenesis and complications of type 2 diabetes. The review provides a starting point for future studies aimed at isolation, purification, and characterization of bioactive antidiabetic compounds present in these plants. The therapeutic potential of fenugreek is primarily due to the presence of saponins [ ], 4-hydroxyisoleucine [ ], and trigonelline, an alkaloid [ ] and a high-fiber content [ ].
Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Anthocyanins kndia present in green leaves. Among these 2, species are in India, out of which species are used commercially on a fairly large scale.
This is a runoftheriver SHP in. Seeds and leaves are the most frequently used parts of the plant. Restoration of glutathione and inhibition of malondialdehyde content has shown the antioxidative property of Ficus religiosa [ 23 lisst. Received Sep 12; Accepted Oct Tears contain a number of substances, including lysozymes and immunoglobulins, that inhibit pathogens.
View at Google Scholar P. Tulsi leaves oil contains eugenol, ursolic acid, carvacrol, linalool, limatrol, and caryophyllene along with eugenol. All these plants are a rich source of phytochemicals. The leaves of Ficus religiosa have also been studied for antihyperglycemic activity [ 18 ]. Fruits contain glucose, fructose, raffinose [ 29 ], malic acid [ 30 ], and anthocyanins [ 31 ]; leaves are rich in acylated flavonol glycosides [ 32 ], quercetin, myricetin, and tannins [ 33 ] all of which have hypoglycemic ability.
Eugenia jambolana seed extract is reported to reduce blood pressure probably due to the ellagic acid present in it [ 33 ].
In several animal studies, bitter gourd has been reported to ameliorate the metabolic syndrome, where diabetes is one of the risk factors [ 55 — 57 ].